Italian ǀ Italian ǀ Mediterranean European
Within Italy, Italians are defined by citizenship, regardless of ancestry or country of residence, and are distinguished from people of Italian descent and, historically, from ethnic Italians living in the territories adjacent to the Italian Peninsula.
In 2014, in addition to the more than 55 million Italians in Italy and 32,000 in San Marino, Italian-speaking, autochthonous groups are found in neighbouring countries: about 500,000 in Switzerland, a large, but undefined population in France (Nice, Corsica), and smaller groups in Slovenia and Croatia, primarily in Istria. If regarded as an ethnic group, Italians would constitute one of the world’s largest.
Because of wide-ranging and long-lasting diaspora, about 5 million Italian citizens and nearly 80 million people of full or part Italian ancestry live outside of Italy, most notably in South America, North America, Australia and parts of Europe.
There are seven data sets that have been incorporated into DNA Consultants’ method.
Photo: Photo is of Alessandro Lambruschini, an Italian long distance runner. Photo by Luigi Esposito.
Source publications: Italian (population 133) Population Data On Thirteen Short Tandem Repeat Loci: HUMTHO1, D21S11,D18S51, HUMVWFA31, HUMFIBRA, D8S1179, HUMTPOX, HUMCSF1PO, D16S539, D7S820, D13S317, D5S818, D3S1358, FSI, 1998, p53-60. Italian – Tuscany (population 137): Analysis of 13 Tetrameric Short Tandem Repeat Loci in a Population of Tuscany (Central Italy) Performed by Means of an Automated Infrared Sequencer, FSI, 2002, p83-85. Italian – Piedmont (population 217): Northwest Italian Population Data for Thirteen Tetrameric and Two Pentameric STR Loci, JFS, 2004, p405-406. Italian (population 298): Validation of a large Italian Database of 15 STR loci, FSI, 2006, p266-268. Italian (population 438): Allele frequencies of the new European Standard Set (ESS) loci in the Italian population, FSI, 2011, p548-549. Italian (population 455): ENFSI DNA WG STR Population Database v. 2. (strbase.org). Italian – Western Sicily (n=120) (population 490) from Ventura Spagnolo et al., Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences (2017) 7:13.