Virginia Surnames and Families with Possible Jewish (and Muslim) Roots

William byrdIn our continuing series of notes on colonial genealogies, we give here the the complete appendix containing all early lists of emigrants to Virginia, taken from Jews and Muslims in British Colonial America (2012). This was the second volume in a series that began with When Scotland Was Jewish (2007) and concludes this month (May 2014) with the publication of The Early Jews and Muslims of England and Wales: A Genetic and Genealogical History.

Are any of your colonial ancestors listed? If they are it is likely they bore Jewish ancestry, even if they did not practice Judaism and even if they presented themselves as Christian.

Left:  As discussed in the associated chapter, “Virginia – First and Not So English – Colony,” William Byrd was undoubtedly crypto-Jewish.

From the book by Hirschman and Yates
“William Byrd, the ancestor of the Byrds of Virginia, was the son of John Bird, a London goldsmith.[i]  The earliest firm genealogical record for the family is mention of a Thomas Bird, apprenticed to Henry Sacheverell (Hebrew anagram),[ii] vintner, in 1608, subsequently admitted to the Wine Merchants Company in 1616.  Thomas Bird married his first cousin Elizabeth Bird.  It was Thomas’ son, John who became a goldsmith.  What is transparent from these records, given the occupations of wine merchant and goldsmith and first cousin marriage, is that the Birds/Byrds were Jewish.  Byrd was not an English name before this family became prominent. The first of that name probably came to England as a court musician like the Sephardic Anthons mentioned earlier:  a relative was William Byrd, the Renaissance court composer (circa 1540-1623). Publicly they were not Jewish, as Jews were officially banned from England until 1664. They were privately Jewish or crypto-Jewish as so many other persons in London at the time. It is likely that at least the first generation officially practiced Catholicism, the religion of their parent country. English custom in London and other major cities allowed Spanish and Portuguese Jews as foreigners to worship at their own parish churches, which were presumed to be Catholic.

“William Byrd came to Virginia at the request of his uncle Captain Thomas Stegge, who was childless and designated William his heir.  Although the exact date is unknown, his arrival was probably around 1670.  The Stegges were traders with the Indians, primarily Catawbas and Cherokees, another profession markedly Jewish. Upon reaching adulthood and receiving his inheritance, Bird entered the lucrative triangular trade between Virginia, Barbados and Africa. Tobacco, deerskins, sugar, rum, and slaves were the primary commodities of exchange. Typically, those who plied this trade imported slaves from Portuguese middlemen off the Guinea Coast of Africa. In Barbados, rum and sugar were taken onboard to be transported to Virginia. American planters paid for rum, sugar and slaves in tobacco or deerskins and received credit in England or Scotland paid out to them in manufactured goods supplied on the steady stream of ships carrying new colonists. Except for the profit margins of the merchants, frequently Jews, no money changed hands, this only in England, thus preserving the mother country’s prohibition about allowing specie to flow into the colonies or accumulate there.

“In 1673 Byrd married Mary Horsmanden, whose lineage goes back to the St. Leger family of Cornwall mentioned in chapter one. Very importantly, biographer Alden Hatch tells us that this St. Leger family traced its ancestry back to Baudoin III, King of Jerusalem during the Crusades, who was evidently of Jewish descent.  Byrd soon became Receiver General of the King’s Revenue, as well as Auditor of Virginia. As Hatch notes, he both collected the taxes and audited them!

“There are other strong cues regarding Bird’s ancestry and religious leanings.  Hatch states that Byrd “regarded Catholics as but one degree above the devils from hell.”  In 1699 when the Huguenots were under attack once again by a Catholic monarch, it was William Byrd of Virginia who championed their cause. About three hundred of them were brought to safety in Virginia and another two hundred the following year. “Largely as a result of the arguments presented by William Byrd to the Board of Trade, between 700 and 800 [Huguenots] settled in Virginia.”[iii]   Such activities are in complete conformity with the efforts begun in the late 1500s by Raleigh and Drake to settle their Sephardic and Morisco kinsmen in the New World.  Both Raleigh and Drake had assisted the Huguenots in France before and after the infamous St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre in 1572.  In the 1705 edition of his History, Robert Beverley wrote of “the Goodness and generosity of Colonel Byrd toward these distressed Huguenots.” Beverly goes on to say,

Upon their first Arrival in that country, he [Byrd] received them with all the tenderness of a Father, and ever since has constantly given them the utmost assistance… employing all his Skill, and all his friends to advance their interest both publickly and privately….  What Liberties has he not all along allowed them on his own plantations to furnish themselves from thence Corn and other necessaries?  His Mills have been at their Service to grind their Corn toll-free….  With what Zeal did he represent their Cause to the Assembly?  And with what earnestness did he press all his Friends in their favor”? [iv]

Byrd was attended in his final days by one of them, his valet Jean Marat – who bears a common Sephardic/Arabic surname.

“William Byrd’s son William II was educated in England, where he learned Hebrew, Greek and Latin.  Micajah Perry (nearly invariably a Sephardic name, as we have seen) was William Byrd, Sr.’s factor and agent in London and looked after William Byrd Jr.’s welfare as a student abroad.  In 1705 young William returned to Virginia and took over the family’s several mercantile and milling interests.  He had an avid interest in medicine and special fascination with the properties (and profits) in ginseng. This was a root gathered by Melungeons and shipped as far away as China during the late 1700s by Daniel Boone and John Jacob Astor (“from Asturia”).  William Byrd II married Lucy Parke. Lucy’s sister Frances would later marry John Custis (Costas), probably of Sephardic ancestry.

“Hatch also reports from transcriptions of Byrd’s private diary that he would read one or two chapters of the Bible in Hebrew every morning.  Since the Hebrew Bible does not contain the New Testament, we must assume that William was reading the Torah.  Hatch continues, “Byrd was very strict about keeping the Sabbath.  He would allow no work to be done that could possibly be avoided; and even when it could not be helped… he was uneasy in his conscience and sought a Biblical excuse.”  Also according to Hatch, Byrd “frequently ducked going to [Christian] church.”  In our view, these descriptions illustrate crypto-Jewish behavior (appendix B).”

–pp. 55-56, Jews and Muslims in British Colonial America © Elizabeth Caldwell Hirschman and Donald N. Yates 2012

[i] Byrd  perhaps translated from Hebrew Zipporah, used of both males and females. In Germany, the Jewish surnames Vogel, Fogel and Feiglin are examples (Gorr 87). In general, see Alden Hatch, The Byrds of Virginia:  An American Dynasty, 1670 to the Present (New York:  Holt, Rhinehart and Winston, 1969) esp. 36, 48, 51, 118, 141, 165. William Byrd the composer also married a cousin, Juliana (a favorite Jewish name) Byrd (1568). Their children were Christopher (a good crypto-Jewish name), Elizabeth, Rachel (Hebrew), Mary, Catherine, Thomas and Edward.

[ii] Sacheverell appears to be derived from a contraction of Hebrew zera kodesh “holy seed,” as in the names Sachs, Saks and the like (Menk  641).

[iii] The respective Huguenot ancestors of author Donald Yates and his wife Teresa, Jean Pierre Bondurant (from Bon and Duran) and Pierre Prevot/Prevatt (Templar name from the Channel Islands), came on the same ship the Peter and Anthony.

[iv] Robert Beverley, The History of the Present State of Virginia (London:  R. Parker, 1705).


Appendix E

Lists of Emigrants to Virginia 1585-1700

Given in this appendix are traditional lists of names for the earliest colonists in Virginia. The names generally are listed in the order and spelling of the source records. We have added some glosses and annotations in parentheses and notes.

The Names of Lane’s Colonists (1585)

The names of all those… that remained one whole yeere in Virginia under the Governement of Master Ralfe Lane.[1] National Park Service.

Master Philip Amades, Admirall of the countrie

Master Hariot

Master Acton

Master Edward Stafford

Thomas Luddington

Master Marvyn

Master Gardyner

Captaine Vaughan

Master Kendall

Master Prideox

Robert Holecroft

Rise Courtney

Master Hugh Rogers

Thomas Foxe

Edward Hugen

Darby Glande

Edward Kelle

John Gostigo

Erasmus Clefs

Edward Ketcheman

John Linsey

Thomas Rottenbury

Roger Deane

John Harris

Master Thomas Harvie

Master Smelling

Master Anthony Russe

Master Allyne

Maste Michel Polyson

John Cage

Thomas Parre

William Randes

Geffrey Churchman

William Farthowe

John Taylor

Philppe Robyns

Thomas Phillippes

Valentine Beale

James Skinner

George Eseven

John Chaundeler

Philip Blunt

Richard Poore

Robert Yong

Marmaduke Constable

Thomas Hesket

William Wasse

John Fever


Frauncis Norris

Mathewe Lyne

Edward Kettell (Catteil?)

Thomas Wisse

Robert Biscombe

William Backhouse

William White

Henry Potkin

Dennis Barnes

Joseph Borges

Doughan Gannes

William Tenche

Randall Latham

Thomas Hulme

Walter Myll

Richard Gilbert

Steven Pomarie (Pomerie)

John Brocke

Bennett Harrye

James Stevenson

Christopher Lowde

Jeremie Man

James Mason

David Salter

Richard Ireland

Thomas Bookener (Buchener)

William Philippes

Randall Mayne

Thomas Taylor

Richard Humfrey

John Wright

Gabriell North

Bennet Chappell

Richard Sare

James Sare

James Lasie


Thomas Smart


John Evans

Roger Large

Humfrey Garden

Frauncis Whitton

Rowland Griffyn

William Millard

John Twyt

Edwarde Seklemore

John Anwike

Christopher Marshall

David Williams

Nicholas Swabber

Edward Chipping

Sylvester Beching

Vincent Cheyne

Haunce Walters

Edward Barecombe

Thomas Skevelabs

William Walters

The Names of the 1587 Virginia Colonists

The names of all the men, women and Children, which safely arrived in Virginia, and remained to inhabite there. 1587. Anno Regni Reginae Elizabethae.29. National Park Service.

John White [Governor]

Roger Bailie [Assistant]

Ananias Dare [Assistant]

Christopher Cooper [Asst.]

Thomas Stevens [Assistant]

John Sampson [Assistant]

Dyonis Harvie [Assistant]

Roger Prat [Assistant]

George Howe [Assistant]

Simon Fernando [Assistant]

Nicholas Johnson

Thomas Warner

Anthony Cage

John Jones

John Tydway

Ambrose Viccard

Edmond English

Thomas Topan

Henry Berrye

Richard Berrye

John Spendlove

John Hemmington

Thomas Butler

Edward Powell

John Burden

James Hynde

William Willes

John Brooke

Cutbert White

John Bright

Clement Tayler


Elyoner Dare

Margery Harvie

Agnes Wood

Wenefrid Powell

Joyce Archard

Jane Jones

Elizabeth Glane

Jane Pierce

Audry Tappan

Alis Chapman

Emme Merrimoth


Margaret Lawrence

William Sole

John Cotsmur

Humfrey Newton

Thomas Colman

Thomas Gramme

Marke Bennet

John Gibbes

John Stilman

Robert Wilkinson

Peter Little

John Wyles

Brian Wyles

George Martyn

Hugh Pattenson

Martyn Sutton

John Farre

John Bridger

Griffin Jones

Richard Shaberdge

Thomas Ellis

William Browne

Michael Myllet

Thomas Smith

Richard Taverner

Thomas Harris

Richard Taverner

John Earnest

Henry Johnson

John Starte

Richard Darige

William Lucas

Joan Warren

Jane Mannering

Rose Payne

Elizabeth Viccars

Arnold Archard

John Wright

William Dutton

Morris Allen

William Waters

Richard Arthur

John Chapman

William Clement

Robert Little

Hugh Taylor

Richard Wildye

Lewes Wotton

Michael Bishop

Henry Browne

Henry Rufoote

Richard Tomkins

Henry Dorrell

Charles Florrie

Henry Mylton

Henry Payne

Thomas Harris

William Nicholes

Thomas Phevens

John Borden

Thomas Scot

James Lasie

John Cheven

Thomas Hewet

William Berde

Boys and Children

John Sampson

Robert Ellis

Ambrose Viccars

Thomas Archard

Thomas Humfrey

Thomas Smart

George Howe

John Prat

William Wythers

Children Born in Virginia

Virginia Dare




Original Settlers (May 14, 1607) at Jamestown, Listed by Occupation.[2]

Source:  Virtual Jamestown; The First Residents of Jamestown.[3]

Master Edward Maria Wingfield, President Captaine Bartholomew Gosnoll Captaine John Smyth (or Smith) Captaine John Ratliffe (or Ratcliffe) Captaine John Martin Captaine George KendallCouncil
Master Robert HuntPreacher and Gentleman
Master George Percy Anthony Gosnoll George Flower Captaine Gabriell Archer Robert Fenton Robert Ford William Bruster (or Brewster) Edward Harrington Dru Pickhouse (or Pigasse) Thomas Jacob, Sergeant John Brookes Ellis Kingston (or Kiniston) Thomas Sands Benjamin Beast (Best) John (or Jehu) Robinson (Melungeon name) Ustis (or Eustace) Clovill Stephen Halthrop Kellam Throgmorton Edward Morish (or Moris) Nathaniell Powell Edward Browne Robert Behethland (or Betheland) John Penington Jeremy (or Jerome) Alicock George Walker Thomas Studley (or Stoodie) Richard Crofts Nicholas Houlgrave Thomas Webbe John Waller John Short (Melungeon name) William Tankard William Smethes Francis Snarsbrough Richard Simons Edward Brookes Richard Dixon John Martin Roger Cooke George Martin Anthony Gosnold Thomas Wotton (Wooten), Surgeon John Stevenson Henry Adling (or Adding) Thomas Gower Thomas Gore Francis Midwinter Richard Frith Stephen Galthorpe (Goldthorp)Gentlemen
William Laxton Edward Pising Thomas Emry Robert SmallCarpenters
John Herd (Heard) William GarretBricklayers
William Cassen (or Cawsen) George Casson Thomas Casson Willam Rods (or Rodes = Rhodes) William White (Melungeon name) Ould Edward (perhaps a Scot or Irishman) Henry Tavin (or Tauin: from Hebrew) George Golding (or Goulding) William Johnson William Vnger (or Unger, i.e., Hungarian)Labourers
Samuell Collier (Melungeon name) James Brumfield Richard Mutton (or Mullon=Mullin:  Melungeon name)Boys (i.e. servants)
Anas Todkill, Soldier Jonas Profit, Sailor, Fisher, Soldier (Melungeon name) Thomas Couper (or Cowper: Melungeon name), Barber Edward Brinto (or Brinton), Mason, Soldier William Loue (or Love:  Melungeon name), Tailor, Soldier Nicholas Skot (or Scot), Drummer John Laydon (i.e., from Leiden), Labourer, Carpenter John Dods (Dodds), Labourer, Soldier William Wilkinson, Surgeon James Read (Melungeon name), Blacksmith, Soldier Nathaniel Pecock (or Peacock), Boy, Sailor, Soldier Mathew Morton, SailorOther
John Asbie (Melungeon name) Andrew Buckler John Capper (perhaps Cooper) William Dier (or Dye: Melungeon name) Thomas Mounslie Thomas Mouton a DutchmanUnclassified



Mariners and Others Known to Have Been with the Expedition that Established Jamestown on May 13, 1607. [4]

Source:  The First Residents of Jamestown.

Browne, Oliver Clarke, Charles (Melungeon name) Collson, John  Mariner Cotson, John   Mariner Deale, Jeremy Fytch, Mathew  Mariner Genoway, Richard (from Genoa?) Godword, Thomas Jackson, Robert (Melungeon name)Markham, Robert Nellson, Francys Poole, Jonas Skunner, Thomas Turnbrydge (or Turbridge), Thomas Newport, Christopher  Captain, Councilor Tyndall, Robert  Mariner, Gunner White, Benjamyn (Melungeon name) Danyell Stephen

Jamestown Colonists on the Resupply Ship, 1608 

Source:  National Park Service.

Thomas Abbay

Jeffery Abbot

Rob Alberton

David Aphugh

Robert Barnes

William Bayley

Gabriel Beadle

John Beadle

William Beckwith

Richard Belfield

Henry Bell

William Bentley

John Bouth

Thomas Bradley

Richard Bristow

Richard Burket

Anne Burras

John Burras

James Burre

George Burton

William Cantrell

Nathaniell Causy

John Clarke

Thomas Coe

Henry Collings

Robert Cotton

Raleigh Crowhaw

John Cuderington

Robert Culter

John Dauxe

Thomas Dawse

Will Dawson

Richard Dole

William Dowman

David Ellis

Richard Featherstone

Thomas Field

Unknown Floud

George Forest

Unknown Forest

Thomas Forest

Thomas Fox

Thomas Gibson

Post Ginnat

Raymond Goodison

Richard Gradson

Thomas Graves

William Grivell

Edward Gurgana

Nicholas Handcock

Unknown Hardwyn

Harmon Harrison

George Hill

Unknown Hilliard

Thomas Hope

John Hoult

Unknown Hunt

Wil Johnson

Peter Keffer

Richard Killingbeck

Thomas Lavander

Timothy Leeds

Henry Leigh

John Lewes

Michael Lowick

Thomas Mallard

Thomas Maxes

William May

Unknown Michaell

Unknown Milman

Richard Milmer

Unknown Morley

Ralph Morton

Richard Mullinax

Rawland Nelstrop

John Nichols

Thomas Norton

Dionis O’Connor

William Perce

Francis Perkins

Thomas Phelps

Henry Philpot

Michaell Phittiplace

William Phittiplace

Peter Pory

Richard Pots

Unknown Powell

John Powell

John Prat

George Pretty

Richard Prodger

David Pugh

Christopher Rods

Unknown Rose

Unknown Russell

John Russell

William Russell

William Sambage

Richard Savage

Thomas Savage

Unknown Scot

Mathew Scrivener

Jeffrey Shortridge

Michaell Sicklemore

WIlliam Simons

John Spearman

William Spence

Dani Stallings

John Taverner

William Tayler

Lawrence Towtales

Daniel Tucker

Nicholas Ven

Unknown Vere

Richard Waldo

Unknown Walker

William Ward

James Watkins

Francis West

Unknown Wiles

Unknown Williams

Hugh Winne

Peter Winne

Hugh Wolleston

Richard Worley

George Yarington

William Younge


Sea Venture Passengers

Sources: 1) the Generall Historie of  the Bermudas by Captain John Smith 1624, reprint 1966; 2) Bermuda – Unintended Destination by Terry Tucker, 1982.


Sir Thomas Gates, Governor for Virginia

Sir George Somers, Admiral of the flotilla

Rev Richard, chaplain to the expedition

William Strachney, Secretary-elect of Virginia Company

Silvester Jourdain, of Lyme Regis, Dorset

Joseph Chard

Mr. Henry Shelly

Robert Walsingham, cockswain

Robert Frobisher, shipwright

Nicholas Bennit, carpenter

Francis Pearepoint

William Brian

William Martin

Henry Ravens, master mate; lost at sea when he sailed for help

Richard Knowles

Stephen Hopkins

Christopher Carter deserted and stayed behind on the island

Robert Waters who deserted and stayed behind on the island

Edward Waters

Samuel Sharpe

Henry Paine, shot to death for mutiny

Humfrey Reede

James Swift

Thomas Powell, cook

Edward Eason

Mistress Eason

Baby boy Bermuda Eason, born in Bermuda to the above

John Want

Mistress Horton

Elizabeth Persons, maid to Mistress Horton; married Thomas Powell while in Bermuda

Capt (Sir) George Yeardley, experienced veteran of the Dutch wars

Jeffrey Briars (died in Bermuda)

Richard Lewis, died in Bermuda

Edward Samuel, murdered by Robert Waters

William Hitchman, died in Bermuda

Thomas Whittingham, lost at sea with Ravens (above)

Edward Chard who stayed behind on the island

Captain Matthew Somers nephew and heir of Sir George, was aboard the “Swallow” on the same expedition

Robert Rich*, the brother of Sir Nathaniel Rich, a shareholder.  Was a soldier.  Returned to Bermuda 1617 and died there 1630.

Christopher Newport*, Captain of the Sea Venture, former privateer

Stephen Hopkins*

John Rolfe*, a young man in his twenties and traveling with his wife.  Their baby girl was born in Bermuda, christened Bermudas and died shortly thereafter.  His wife died shortly after reaching Virginia Spring 1610 and he married Pocahontas in April 1614.

Mistress Rolfe, first wife of above

*Royal Naval Dockyard Museum, Somerset, Bermuda (Tucker’s Note).


Additional persons listed as arriving at Jamestown in the Patience and the Deliverance (and therefore assumed to be aboard the Sea Venture when it wrecked at Bermuda). Source:  Cavaliers and Pioneers by Nell Marion Nugent (1963).

Henry Bagwell, aged 35 in Deliverance

Thomas Godby, aged 36 in the Deliverance

Edward Waters, aged 40 in the Patience

Elizabeth Joons, aged 30, servant

John Lytefoote

John Proctor


Virginia Historical Index by Swem

According to the original records, “As a results of the efforts, Sir Thomas Gates as sole and absolute Governor, with Sir George Summers, Admiral, and Capt. Newport, Vice Admiral of Virginia, and divers and other persons of ran four cke and quality in seven ships and two pinnaces, left Falmouth on the 8 of June 1609, and on the 24 day of July, 1609 they encountered a terrible storm that prevailed from Tuesday noone till Friday noone; that scattered the fleet and wrecked The Sea Venture (on July 28 1609) upon the island of Bermuda.”

Francis Michell lived at Elizabeth Citty February 1623 and Josuah Chard, aged 36, who came in the Sea Venture, May 1607.

Josuah Chard came in the SV

Purse and Person

The following came in the sea Ventura (from different pages)

p15 Henry Baguel

p22 Smauel Sharp

p30 John Lightfoote

p31 Capt. Wm Pierce

p32 George Grave

p38 John Procter

p140 Richard Buck sailed June 1609 with wife, Miss Langley and four Buck children.  Marooned for 9 months embarked for Virginia from Bermuda 10 May 1610.  Arrived in Jamestown 21 May 1610.  He was a minister.  The four Buck children, Elizabeth, Bridget and Bermuda were born and died while their parent marooned on Somers Island (1609-1610) Mara born in Virginia 1611 ward of brother-in-law, John Burrows.

p374 Stephen Hopkins left England 9 June 1609 among 150 persons cast ashore etc etc then it states “Although there is no complete list of the shipwrecked party which eventually reached Jamestown in the two pinnaces Patience and Deliverance, built on the islands, Hopkins did not remain on The Somers Islands and the conclusion is that the recalcitrant came to Virginia despite his known wish to return to England.  (He went back to England and came on the Mayflower in 1620 to Plymouth, Mass.

No further connection with the Colony.

p475 Wm Pierce

p507 John Rolfe and wife . 9 months on Somers Island.  Wife died on Somers Island or shortly after arriving in Virginia.

p590 Wm Strachey from Surrey England b 1572 on SV, marooned 9 mo etc

p650 Lieut. Edward Waters on SV and on to Virginia Patience.

p724 George Yeardley

Admiral Sir George Somers (1554-1610) was born near Lyme Regis in Dorset, England of modest circumstances.  At an early age he took to the sea, and as a captain of the Flibcote he captured Spanish booty, bringing it back to Dartmouth.  He became a large landowner by his early thirties.  In 1609 he received orders to command an expedition to Virginia, mortgaged his property and outfitted the Sea Venture.  He left no direct descendants.


Walloon and French Colonists to Virginia (1621) 

Source: Sainsbury, Calendar, pp. 498-99.

According to the original records, the settlers swore, “We promise my Lord Ambassador of the Most Serene King of Great Britain to go and inhabit in Virginia, a land under his Majesty’s obedience, as soon as conveniently may be, and this under the conditions to be carried out in the articles we have communicated to the said Ambassador, and not otherwise, on the faith of which we have unanimously signed this present with our sign manual”.  The signatures and the calling of each are appended in the form of a round robin, and in a outer circle the person signing states whether he is married, and the number of his children.  The charter is endorsed by Sir Dudley Carleton.

Signature of such Walloons and French as offer themselves to goe into Verginia”.  The names with an * have only signed their marks.  Total 227, including 55 men, 41 women, 129 children, and two servants.

Mousnier de la Montagne, medical student; marrying man

Mousnier de la Montagne, apothecary and surgeon; marrying man

Jacque Conne, tiller of the earth; wife and two children

Henry Lambert, woolen draper; wife

*George Beava, porter; wife and one child

Michel Du Pon, hatter; wife and two children

Jan Bullt, labourer; wife and four children

Paul de Pasar, weaver; wife and two children

Antoine Grenier, gardener; wife

Jean Gourdeman, labourer; wife and five children

Jean Campion, wool carder; wife and four children

*Jan De La Met, labourer; young man

*Antoine Martin’ wife and one child

Francois Fourdrin, leather dresser; young man

*Jan Leca, labourer; wife and five children

Theodore Dufour, draper; wife and two children

*Gillian Broque, labourer; young man

George Wauter, musician; wife and four children

*Jan Sage, serge maker; wife and six children

*Marie Flit, in the name of her husband, a miller; wife and two children

P. Gantois, student in theology; young man

Jacques de Lecheilles, brewer; marrying man

*Jan Le Rou, printer; wife and six children

*Jan de Croy, sawyer; wife and five children

*Charles Chancy, labourer; wife and two children

*Francois Clitdeu, labourer; wife and five children

*Phillippe Campion, draper; wife and one child

*Robert Broque, labourer; young man

Philip De le Mer, carpenter; young man

*Jeanne Martin; young girl

Pierre Cornille, vine-dresser; young man

Jan de Carpentry, labourer; wife and two children

*Martin de Carpentier, brass founder; young man

Thomas Farnarcque, locksmith; wife and seven children

Pierre Gaspar

*Gregoire Le Juene, shoemaker; wife and four children

Martin Framerie, musician; wife and one child

Pierre Quesnee, brewer; marrying man

Pontus Le Gean, bolting-cloth weaver; wife and three children

*Barthelemy Digaud, sawyer; wife and eight children

Jesse de Foprest. Duer’ wife and five children

*Nicholas De la Marlier, dyer; wife and two children

*Jan Damont, labourer; wife

*Jan Gille, labourer; wife and three children

*Jan de Trou, wool carder; wife and five children

Philippe Maton, dyer, and two servants; wife and five children

Anthoine de Lielate, vinedresser; wife and four children

Ernou Catoir, wool carder; wife and five children

Anthoin Desendre, labourer; wife and one child

Agel de Crepy, shuttle worker; wife and four children

*Adrian Barbe, dyer; wife and four children
*Michel Leusier, cloth weaver; wife and one child
*Jerome Le Roy, cloth weaver; wife and four children
*Claude Ghiselin, tailor; young man
*Jan de Crenne, glass maker? (fritteur); wife and one child
*Louis Broque, labourer; wife and two children


More Settlers from Various Sources

According to the records, in 1635, in addition to those before-mentioned were Jonas Austin, Nicholas Baker, Clement Bates Richard Betscome, Benjamin Bozworth, William Buckland, James Cade, Anthony Cooper, John Cutler, John Farrow, Daniel Fop, Jarvice Gould, Wm. Hersey, Nicholas Hodsdin, Thos. Johnson, Andrew Lane, Wm. Large, Thomas Loring, George Ludkin, Jeremy Morse, William Nolton, John Otis, David Phippeny, John Palmer, John Porter, Henry Rust, John Smart, Francis Smith (or Smyth), John Strong, Henry Tuttil, William Walton, Thomas Andrews, William Arnall, George Bacon, Nathaniel Baker, Thomas Collier, George Lane, George Marsh, Abraham Martin, Nathaniel Peck, Richard Osborn, Thomas Wakely, Thomas Gill, Richard Ibrook, William Cockerum, William Cockerill, John Fearing, John Tucker.

Moreover, in 1636 were John Beal, senior, Anthony Eames, Thomas Hammond, Joseph Hull, Richard Jones, Nicholas Lobdin, Richard Langer, John Leavitt, Thomas Lincoln, Jr., miller, Thomas Lincoln, cooper, Adam Mott, Thomas Minard, John Parker, George Russell, William Sprague, George Strange, Thomas Underwood, Samuel Ward, Ralph Woodward, John Winchester, William Walker.

In 1637 were Thomas Barnes, Josiah Cobbit, Thomas Chaffe, Thomas Clapp, William Carlslye (or Carsly), Thomas Dimock, Vinton Dreuce, Thomas Hett, Thomas Joshlin, Aaron Ludkin, John Morrick, Thomas Nichols, Thomas Paynter, Edmund Pitts, Joseph Phippeny, Thomas Shave, Ralph Smith, Thomas Turner, John Tower, Joseph Underwood, William Ludkin, Jonathan Bozworth.

In 1638 there was a considerable increase of the number of settlers.  Among them were Mr. Robert Peck, Joseph Peck, Edward Gilman, John Foulsham, Henry Chamberlain, Stephen Gates, George Knights, Thomas Cooper, Matthew Cushing, John Beal, Jr., Francis James, Philip James, James Buck, Stephen Payne, William Pitts, Edward Michell, John Sutton, Stephen Lincoln, Samuel Parker, Thomas Lincoln, Jeremiah Moore, Mr. Henry Smith, Bozoan Allen, Matthew Hawke, William Ripley.

According to our sources, all of those preceding, who came to this country in 1638, took passage in the ship Diligent, of Ipswich, John Martin, master.  In addition to these, the following named persons received grants of land in the year 1638, viz.: John Buck, John Benson, Thomas Jones, Thomas Lawrence, John Stephens, John Stodder, Widow Martha Wilder, Thomas Thaxter.

In 1639 Anthony Hilliard and John Prince received grants of land.  The name of Hewett (Huet) and Liford, are mentioned in Hobart’s Diary, in that year, and in the Diary the followings names are first found in the respective years mentioned; in 1646, Burr, in 1647, James Whiton; in 1649, John Lazell, Samuel Stowell in 1653, Garnett and Canterbury.


Passengers on the Abraham Bound from London, England, to Virginia in 1635,

John Barker (perhaps an error for Barber), Master, Arranged by First Name, Surname and Age.


Tobie Sylbie 20

Robert Harrison 32

Willm Lawrence 22

John Johnson 35

W. Fisher 25

Steeven Taylor 17

Tho: Penford 30

Wm Smith 25

Tho: Archdin 18

Rich Morris 17

Walter Piggott 19

Rich Watkyns 20

Jo: Brunch 13

Jo: Clark 20

Gabriell Thomas 30

David Jones 21

Alexander Maddox 22

Francis Tippsley 17

Emanuell Davies 19

W=Williams 25

Roger Matthews 28

Jo: Britton 23

George Preston 20

Robert Toulban 23

Henry Dobell 20

George Brewett 18

Francis Stanely 23

Willm Freeman 46

Edward Griffth 33

Willm Manton 30

Owen Williams 40

Tho: Flower 32

Jo: Bullar 32

Jo: Clanton 26

Alexander Symes 19

Anto Parkhurst 42

Jo” Hill 36

Alexander Gregorie 24

Martin Westlink 20

Patrick Wood 24

Tho: Kedby 25

Riger Greene 24

Will= Downs 24

Jo: Burnett 24

Tho: Allen 31

Simon Farrell 19

Tho: Clements 30

Wm Hunt 20

Kathryn Adwell 33


The David from England to Virginia 1635

“The under-written Names are to be transported to Virginea, Inbarqued in the “David,” Jo. Hogg, Master, have been examined by the minister of Gravesend, etc.”

Edward Browne 25

Samuel Troope 17

Wm Hatton 23

Daniel Bacon 30

Robert Alsopp 18

Teddar Jones 30

Tho: Siggins 18

Abell Dexter 25

Rich Caton 26

Henry Spicer 28

Tho: Granger 19

Jo: Bonfilly 21

Roger Mannington 14

Josua Chanbers 17

Henry Melton 23

Davod Lloyd 30

Donough Gornes 27

Geo: Butler 27

Addan Nunnick 25

Jo: Stann 27

Edward Spicer 18

Jo: Felding 19

Jo: Morris 26

Richard Brookes 30

Robert Barron 18

Jonathan Barnes 22

Henry kendall 17

Tho: Poulter 31

Jo: Lamb 22

Tho: Nunnick 22

Jo: Steevens 19

Edward Crabtree 20

Wm Barber 17

Ann Beeford 25

Martha Potter 20

Gurtred Lovett 18

Jane Jennings 25

Margaret Bole 30

Mary Rogers 20

margaret  Walker 20

Freese Brooran 20

Eliza Jones 20


The Bonaventure (1635)

Richard Doll 25

Tho: Perry 34

Uxor Dorothy 26

Ben: Perry

Mary Carlton 23

Abram Silvester 40

Tho: Belton

Richard Champion 1

Richard Champion 1

Abram Silvester 14

Elizabeth Nanisk 20

Jo Atkinson 30

Rich: Hore 24

Ralph Nichelson 20

Robert More 20

Joan Nubold 20

Tho: Hebden 20

Willm Sayer 58

Brazil Brooke 20

Robert Perry 40

Charles Hillard 22

Edward Clark 30

Jo: Ogell 28

Richard Hargrave 20

Jo: Anderson 20

Francis Spence 23

John Lewes 23

Richard Hughes 19

John Clark 19

Wm Guy 18

John Burd 18

James Redding 19

Richard Cooper 18

Andrew Jefferies 24

Wm Munday

Arthur Howell 20

Jo: Abby 22

James Moyser 28

Mathew Marshall 30

Wm Smith 20

Garrett Riley 24

Miles Riley 20

Willm Burch 19

Peter Dole 20

James Metcalf 22

Margerie Furbredd 20

Jo: Underwood 23

Robert Luck 25

John Wood 23

Waltr Morgan 23

Henrie Irish 16

George Greene 20

Henry Quinton 20

Jo: Bryan 25

Robert Payton 25

Tho: Symonds 27

Michell Browne 35

Jo: Hodges 37

Jo: Edmonds 16

Garrett Pownder 19

Jo: Wise 28

Henry Dunnell 23

Symon Kenneday 20

Tho: Hyet 22

Tho: James 20

Jo: Sotterfeyth 24

Emannell Bomer 18

Leonard Wetherfield 17

James Luckbarrowe 20

Tho: singer 18

Jesper Withy 21

Robert Kersley 22

Jo: Springall 18

Tho: Jessupp 18

James Perkyns 42

Daniell Greene 24

Wm Hutton 24

Jo: Wilkinson 19

Hugh Garland 20

Richard Spencer 18

Humfrey Topsall 24

Tho: Stanton 20

John Fountaine 18

Henry Redding 22

Loughten Bosteck 16

John Russell 19

Tho: Ridgley 23

Robert Harris 19

Willm Mason 10

Victor Derrick 23

John Bamford 28

Margaret Huntley 20

Geo: Session 40

Jo: Cooke 47

Tho: Townson 26

Tho: Parson 30

Tho:Goodman 25

Philip Connor 21

Launcelot Pyrce 21

Uxor Thomazin 18

Kat: Yates 19

Alveryn Cowper 20

Jo: Dunnell 26

Leonard Evans 22

Tho: Anderson 28

Edward Cranfield 18

Jo: Baggley 14

Tho: Smith 14

Willm Weston 30

Tho: Townsend 14

Edward Davies 25

Mary Saunders 26

Jane Chambers 23

Margaret Maddocks 21

Roger Sturdevant 21

John Wigg 24

John Greenwood 16

Andrew Dunton 38

John Wise 30

Wm Hudson 32

Tho: Edmborough 37

John Hill 50

Henry Rogers 30

Robert Smithson 23

Nics Harvey 30

James Grafton 22

Daniell Daniell 18

Reginell Hawes 25

Geo: Burlington 20

Jo: Hutchinson 22

James Crane 17

Richard Hurman 20

Sam: Ashley 19

Geo: Burlingham 20

Elizabeth Jackson 17

Sara Turner 20

Mary Ashley 24


Huguenot Refugees on Board Ship “Mary and Ann”, August 12, 1700 Virginia, James City.

Pierre Delome, et sa  femme

Marguerite Sene, et sa fille

Magdalaine Mertle

Jean Vidau

Jean Menager et Jean Lesnard

Estienne Badouet

Pierre Morrisct

Jedron Chamboux et sa femme

Jean Farry et Jerome Dumas

Jean Tardieu

Jean Moreau

Jaques Roy, et sa femme

Abraham Sablet, et des deux enfants

Quintin Chastatain et Michael Roux

Jean Quictet, sa femme and trios enfants

Henry Cabanis, sa femme et un enfant

Jaques Sayte

Jean Boisson

Francois Bosse

Teertulien Sehult, et sa femme et deux enfants

Pierre Lauret

Jean Roger

Pierre Chastain, a femme et cinq enfants

Philippe Duvivier

Pierre Nace, sa femme et leur deux filles

Francois Clere

Symon Sardin

Sourbragon, et Jacques Nicolay

Pierre Mallet

Francoise Coupet

Jean Oger, sa femme et trios enfants

Jane or Jean Saye

Elizabet Angeliere

Jean et Claude Mallfant, avec leur mere

Isaac Chabanas, sou fils, et Catharine Bomard

Estinne Chastain

Adam Vignes

Jean Fouchie

Francoise Sassin

Andre Cochet

Jean Gaury, sa femme et un enfant

Pierre Gaury, sa femme et un enfant

Pierre Perrut, et sa femme

Isaac Panetier

Jean Parransos sa seur

Elie Tremson, sa femme

Elizabeth Tignac

Antoine Trouillard

Jean Bourru et Jean Bouchet

Jaques Boyes

Elizabet Migot

Catherine Godwal

Pierre la Courru

Jean et Michell Cautepie, sa femme et deux enfants

Jaques Broret, sa femme et deux enfants

Abraham Moulin et sa femme

Francois Billot

Pierre Comte

Ettienne Guevin

Rene Massoneau

Francois Du Tartre

Isaac Verry

Jean Parmentier

David Thonitier et sa femme

Moyse Lewreau

Pierre Tillou

Marie Levesque

Jean Constantin

Claud Berdon sa femme

Jean Imbert, et sa femme

Elizabeth Fleury

Looys du Pyn

Jaques Richard, et sa femme

Adam et Marie Prevost

Jaques Viras, et sa femme

Jawues Brouse, sou enfant

Pierre Cornu

Louiss Bon

Isaac Fordet

Jean Pepre

Jean Gaillard et son fils

Anthonie Matton, et sa femme

John Lucadou et sa femme

Louiss Orange, sa femme et un enfant

Daniel Taure, et deux enfants

Pierre Cupper

Daniel Roy

Magdelain Gigou

Pierre Grelet

Jean Jovany, sa femme, deux enfnans

Pierre Ferrier, sa femme, un enfant

La vefve faure et quatre enfants

Isaac Arnaud, et sa femme

Pierre Chantanier, sa femme et son pere

Jaen Fonasse

Jaques Bibbeau

Jean March

Catherine Billot

Marie et Symon Jourdon

Abraham Menot

Timothy Moul, sa femme un enfant

Jean Savin sa femme un enfant

Jean Sargeaton sa femme un enfant

Claude Philipe, et sa femme

Gabriel Sturter

Pierre de Corne

Helen Trubyer


List of Passengers from London to James River in Virginia Inbarqued in the Ship ye “Peter and Anthony,” Galley of London, Daniel Perreau, Commander (viz’t) 20th of Sept. 1700

Jean Pilard

Estienne Ocosnad (Turkish)?

Abraham Remis sa femme = Ramy

Jean Le Franc Vudurand

Daniel Maison Dieu

Pierre Baudry

David Menestrier

Jacob Fleurnoir, sa femme 2 garsons & 2 fille avid Blevet sa femme & 6 enfants

Elizabeth Lemat

Abraham Le Foix sa femme & 4 enfants

Jean Aunant, sa femme & un fille

Jean Genge de Melvis

Monsieur Je Joux, minister

Francois de Launay, & un enfants

Gaspart, sa femme & 7 enfants

Jacques Corbell

Jacob Capen

Isaac Iroc (Iraq?)

Elie Gastand

Anthonie Boignard

Nicholas Mare, sa femme & 2 enfants

Jaques Feuillet & sa femme.

Pierre Sarazin

Jean Perrachou

Phillippe Claude

Simon Hugault

Samuel Barrel

Gaspar Gueruer sa femme & 3 enfants

Jean Soulegre

Jean Morroe (possibly Moreau)

Louis Desfontaine & sa femme

Pierre Masset

Solomon Jourdan

Estienne Chabran, sa femme

Susanne Soblet & 3 enfants

Jean Hugon

Michel Michel

Mheodore de Rousseau

Pierre Cavalier, sa femme & un garson

Pierre Anthonie Eupins

Isaac Le ffeure (now Lefew in Virginia)

Jean Martain

Pierre Renaudd

Marthien Roussel

Augustin Coullard

Jean Coullard

Jaques du Crow, sa femme & une fille

Paul Laurion

Moise Broc.

Jean Pierre Bondurand[5]

Pierre La Badic

Jean Bossard, sa femme & 3 enfants

Guillaume Rullett

Anthony Gioudar

Anne Carbonnet & un enfant

Guillemme Guervot, sa femme & un garson

Louis Robert, & un fille

Estienne Tauvin, sa femme & 2 enfants

Paul Castiche

Jean Mazeris

Noel Delamarre sa femme & un fille

Jean Le Vilain

Jean Marisset

Jean Maillard & 3 enfants

Thimotthree Roux

Gaspart Guamondet & sa femme

Daniel Rogier

Pierre Gosfand

Soloman Ormund

Louis Geoffray

Maize Veneuil, sa femme & 5 enfants

Joseph Oliver (probably from Niort, in Poitou)

Jaques Faucher

Pierre La Grand, sa femme & 5 enfants

Pierre Prevol (Prevat, Prevatte[6])

Daniel Riches

Francis Clapie

Jacob Riche, sa femme & un enfants

Mathier Passedoit

Pierre Hiuert

Michel Fournet, sa femme & deux enfants

Jean Monnicat

Simon Faucher

Jean Combelle


[1] Copies of this list in public records as all the following ones in this Appendix and elsewhere in our book are legion in scholarly and popular literature. As far as we are informed they do not represent copyright materials. Out of convenience, we have followed in this instance the list provided by the National Park Service. Others are published all over the Internet. We make no claim that the list provided here is original, authoritative or definitive. At the same time, we have attempted to harmonize different versions and acknowledge important sources. If anyone holds the copyright to this or similar material used by us, we would appreciate hearing so that we can make the correction.  –The Authors.
[2] The original group came in May 1607, the first supply group in January 1608, and the second supply group in the fall 1608. Occupations are given with original spellings. List is based on the records of John Smith, “Proceedings of the English Colony in Virginia” andGenerall Historie. The record states there were “diverse others to the number of 105.”
[3] This is the title of the facsimile parchment record in my possession.
[4] There were 144 persons in the expedition including the one hundred five who remained in Virginia.
[5] One of the authors’ ancestors from Provence, said to have been of extremely dark appearance. The surname was probably originally a Spanish compound one, Bon-Durante, a form of the “good name” (see App. C). Durands/Durants were a prominent Sephardic family of rabbis, physicians and scholars who settled mostly in Provence, Marseilles, Majorca and Morocco after the Expulsion of 1492 (Faiguenboim et al 244), where the Bondurants originated. Jean Pierre, the emigrant, was an apothecary and vintner by profession. His mother was Gabrielle Barjon (“son of Jean”). A Barjon relative was one of the organizers of the mass escape from France, which led the Huguenots through Switzerland, Germany and finally, London, to the New World. Jean Pierre’s wife, Rhoda Faur (Anglicized as Ford), also bore a Sephardic surname (Faiguenboim et al 256). The Bondurant family can be traced back to Génolhac, département Gard, France, to the early sixteenth century, but not before—as we have seen, often a clue invoking the date 1492. They were probably relatively new arrival from Inquisitorial Spain. In Virginia, the Bondurants intermarried again and again with Agee, Maxey, Radford and Ford cousins, a common crypto-Jewish trait.
[6] Ancestor of co-author’s spouse, Teresa Panther-Yates. The family intermarried with Tuscarora and Cherokee Indians and was later known as Black Dutch.


  Comments: 14

  1. I find this very interesting. One of my grandmothers was supposedly, a Judith Sampson, daughter of Stephen Sampson Jr., a descendant of John Sampson who was an aide to William Byrd. My brother, father and GGGG Grandfather have had Parkinson’s Disease. I have had my DNA tested and am 98% European from all areas. It may be that we have some Askanazi genes.

  2. Cynthia Louise Grier

    I am also a descendant of Jean Pierre Bondurant, and have been doing research for a historical novel I am writing. I came across some Geneanet family trees taking the Bondurant line back to Pierre or Jean (depending on the family tree) Bondurant b. 1280 – d. 1340, Maliheres near Genolhac (Genoüillac), and his father named Jean Bondurant.
    (There are other family trees on Geneanet where he appears).

    I also located a Jewish Bon Durant on record in Uncastillo, Aragon in 1263. I am not sure if that is the date of his birth or some other record. With the increased restrictions issued in 1250 April by the Bull of Innocent IV, I am wondering if someone of this Bon Durant line may have left Aragon for France.

    Since other ancestors of Jean Pierre appear to be descendants of the Trencavel line of Carcassonne…
    I am speculating that possibly this Bon Durant from Uncastillo left for Languedoc where there had historically been more tolerance, but upon finding that the situation had shifted with the take over by the French king and HRC leaders, that he could have fled into the Cévennes along with others who needed to go into hiding, including the Trencavels.

    Any thoughts on this?

    • Your research is a giant leap forward. I will have to digest it. Thanks for sharing.

      • I look forward to any thoughts or other findings.

        I am also wondering if you have information on the document or link about Jean Pierre Bondurant where he was “said to have been of extremely dark appearance”. I am intrigued by this statement and would like to document it in my book.


        • The source of that statement was a DeKalb County genealogist I spoke to in the 1990s.

          • Thank you once again Mr. Yates. If this genealogist has found some documentation describing Jean Pierre, would you be so kind as to pass my email along to him/her? It would be great to communicate on any other information he/she may have as supplemental information for my novel.

  3. “Byrd was not an English name before this family became prominent.”
    Hugo le Bird – the name coming from the French l’oiseau and deriving perhaps from his skill at falconry – was said to have arrived with William the Conqueror in 1066. Early appearances of the surname in England were Ralph le Brid in Essex in 1231 and Richard Bird in Cambridgeshire in 1260.

    Aaron Lopez is another crypto-Jewish triangular slave trader and conversos. He likely “adopted” the last name, like Byrd, to hide his identity.

  4. My 8th great grandfather is Francois Clitdeu…however it states that his name is signed only by his mark. There is no record of his name anywhere in the colonies. Could it be miswritten? Could be it “Clere”? Is he Jewish?? This has been a puzzle for many,many years. Help??

  5. I’m very interested in learning about which Huguenots were actually Crypto Jews – the ones that came to Virginia. You mention the surname: Bondurant. Were you implying that this Manakintowne Huguenot was Jewish? My family’s Huguenot was Morisette, which means “little moor”.

    Any help you could give me on this would be appreciated.

    • A lot of the answers are in Jews and Muslims in British North America or Book of Jewish and Crypto Jewish Names. Our rabbi estimates more than half the Huguenot families started out as Iberian Jews. Am pretty sure about the Bondurants. Both Bon and Durant are Iberian/ French/ Morrocan Jewish surnames. Family first names include Gabrielle, Noah, David and Jacob, which would hardly have suited Christians. Looks like Rousseau, the famous philosopher, had similar origins.

    • Hi Wanda, I descent from the Morriset(t)(e) family of Virginia/NC that later became Morris. They appear to have been French immigrants to the Palatine region of Germany, who then came to the US. I suggest reaching Elizabeh Hirschman’s work on Colonial Muslim and Jewish families.

  6. Hi,
    I come from Clement/Clemons Potter and Jansohn/Yanson/Johnson. Do you have information on them?

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