The Sioux or Oceti Sakowin are groups of Native American tribes and First Nations peoples in North America. The modern Sioux consist of two major divisions based on language divisions: the Dakota and Lakota; collectively they are known as the Očhéthi Šakówiŋ (“Seven Council Fires”). The term “Sioux” is an exonym created from a French transcription of the Ojibwe term “Nadouessioux” and can refer to any ethnic group within the Great Sioux Nation or to any of the nation’s many language dialects.
Photo: MSG Woodrow Wilson Keeble, member of the US Army Natioanl Guard and veteran of WWII and the Korean War. In 2008 he was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for heroic actions during the Korean War. He was a full-blooded member of the people of the Lake Traverse Reservation, a federally recognized tribe of Dakota people.
South Dakota – Sioux population data are based on blood samples obtained from 5 unrelated individuals living in the Southwestern United States in 2016.
Source publication: Native American Population Data based on the Globalfiler autosomal STR PCR Amplification Kit, Forensic Science International, 2016, 12-13.