Russian – Vody


Caucasus ǀ Central Asian

Coat of Arms of Mineralnye Vody

Coat of Arms of Mineralnye Vody

Vody is a city on the northern edge of the  Caucasus Mountains which means “mineral waters.” The Russian-Vody population is based there. The town owes its birth to the construction of the Rostov-Vladikavkaz Railway, the construction of which was completed in 1875. In 1878, the village which developed around the construction was officially recognized and named Sultanovsky. In 1906 the name was changed to Illarionovsky, in honor of Count I. I. Vorontsov-Dashkov, a local nobleman. In October 1921, at the end of the civil war when Soviet rule had been established, the name was again changed to Mineralnye Vody and town status was granted. The new town had a population of around 14.000 people. It was occupied by Nazi Germany between 10 August 1942 and 11 January 1943 during World War II. Currently the town serves as a gateway for people enjoying the Caucasian mineral waters.

In 1913, more than 37,000 patients visited the Caucasian Mineral Waters. During this period, however, there were no medical institutions and the first sanatoriums only started to appear at the beginning of the 20th century.

During the Civil War, the place fell into decay. Only 7,000 people visited to cure their illnesses in 1922. However, in 1928, the number of patients increased to 90,000 people. During the Second World War, more than 900,000 wounded and sick people got medical treatment here.

By the year 1980, eighty-two sanatoriums and sixteen guesthouses were available for tourists. Nowadays, every year about one million people come here to get treatment.

The Russian–Vody population represents 60 Russians from the European city of Mineralnie Vody who were sampled in 2007 by the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow.

Source publication: Developing STR databases on structured populations: The native South Siberian population versus the Russian populations. FSI: Genetics 3 (2009) e111-e116.

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