Native Americans have lived along the California coast for at least 13,000 years. The name Chumash means “bead maker” or “seashell people.” They originated near the Santa Barbara coast. Before the mission period, the Chumash lived in over 150 independent villages, speaking variations of the same language.
The area is located in portions of what is now San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Ventura and Los Angeles counties, extending from Morro Bay in the north to Malibu in the south. They also occupied three of the Channel Islands: Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, and San Miguel; the smaller island of Anacapa was likely inhabited seasonally due to the lack of a consistent water source. Modern place names with Chumash origins include Cayucos, Malibu, Lompoc, Ojai, Pismo Beach, Lake Castaic, Saticoy, Simi Valley and Somis.
The Chumash Paleo-Indians data were compiled from several sites. Only two mitochondrial haplogroups were found among the Chumash, A1 and D1, both of which appeared in Asia during the Paleolithic Era. Haplogroup A is most common among native North Americans but is also found in East Asia. Haplogroup D1 is common among Northeast Asians and is also found in native North Americans. All males belonged to a single Y chromosome haplogroup, Q1a, which is the most frequent type occurring in native North Americans but is also found among Central Asians in the Altai Mountains, and among some southeast Asians including people from Thailand.
Native Americans have a wide diversity of lineages and admixture and sweeping conclusions cannot be wagered on a slight or hasty basis. The true story of the Peopling of the Americas, after being rewritten several times, is only beginning to be told. It is likely that the evidence coming to light from ancient genomes will surprise everyone.
Ancient DNA Hub Reference: The Chumash
Story ID: 20005
Individual genomes contributing to this test: 16 (Leqte, Matipuya, Piyokol, Helek, Seqpewe, Shuluwis, Sulwasunaitset, Tilinawit, Timiyaqa, Qolog, Pilu’law, Konoyo, Silkiset, Kipo’mo, Pititi, Kamuliyat)
You may be interested in the following Native American populations included in the DNA Fingerprint Plus:
North American – Native Americans (n=533)
California- Miwok Indians (n=33)
Arizona- Hualapai and Yavapai Indians (n=52)
Mexico (Central) -Nahua-Atocpan or Otomi and Cuetzlan Indians (n=11)
Mexico (Northern)- Tarahumara or Raramuri Indians (n=5)
Mexico and U.S.- Cucupa/Cocobah Indians (n=11)
Mexico and U.S.- Kumeyaay/Diegueno and PaiPai Indians (n=27)
Mexico and U.S.- Kumeyaay/Diegueno Indians (n=15)
Mexico- Baja California- Cochimi Indians (n=26)
Mexico- Baja California- Kilwa Indians (n=13)
Mexico- Nayarit and Jalisco- Cora (n=64)
Mexico- Nayarit and Jalisco- Huichol (n=30)
Mexico- Sonora- Seri Indians (n=29)
Mississippi- Choctaw Indians (n=7)
Native American – Choles – Chiapas, Mexico (n=109)
You may be interested in the following results available with Rare Genes from History:
The Lake Baikal Gene
The Amerind Gene
The Aztlan Gene
The First Peoples Gene
The Cochise Gene
You may be interested in the following Primeval DNA test:
Ice Age Europeans