Insufficient data on Native Americans has long hampered both geneticists and genealogists. Finally, a major study has addressed this failing with 29 separate American Indian tribes and an overall North American sample containing a total of 533 individuals and representing a diverse gene pool of about 1,000 alleles (variants). DNA Consultants added the new data to its forensic matching database on July 27, 2018, more than doubling its Native American populations.
Included were eagerly-anticipated genetic profiles of Creek, Choctaw, Sioux, Chippewa and Cherokee, all representing federally recognized or enrolled members of their tribe or nation. The names of the new populations are as follows, with n representing the number of individuals in the sample:
|Arizona – Hualapai and Yavapai Indians (n=52)|
|California – Miwok Indians (n=33)|
|Canada – British Columbia – Nootka Indians (n=9)|
|Canada – Northwest Territories – Dogrib (n=6)|
|Canada – Yukon Territory – Eskimo (n=11)|
|Mexican – Southern Mexico (Guerrero) – Mestizo (n=251)|
|Mexico – Baja California – Cochimi Indians (n=25)|
|Mexico – Nayarit and Jalisco – Cora (n=64)|
|Mexico – Nayarit and Jalisco – Huichol (n=30)|
|Mexico – Sonora – Seri Indians (n=29)|
|Mexico -Baja California – Kilwa Indians (n=13)|
|Mexico (Central) – Nahau – Atocpan or Otomi and Cuetzalan Indians (n=11)|
|Mexico (Northern) – Tarahumara or Raramuri Indians (n=5)|
|Mexico and U.S. – Cucupa/Cocobah Indians (n = 11)|
|Mississippi – Choctaw Indians (n=7)|
|North American Native Americans (n = 533)|
|South Dakota – Sioux (n=5)|
|U.S. and Mexico – Kumeyaay/Diegueno and PaiPai Indians (n=27)|
|U.S. and Mexico – Kumeyaay/Diegueno Indians (n = 15)|
|U.S. Apache and Mojave Indians (n=88)|
|U.S. Cherokee Enrolled (n=33)|
|U.S. Chippewa Indians (n=22)|
|U.S. Creek/Muskogean Indians (n = 6)|
Locations of the new tribes are shown in the map below.
There are now 492 populations in the company’s database, all of them taken from studies published in journals like Forensic Science International since 1995, when the “CoDIS” standard for identity testing was introduced by the FBI. DNA Consultants has been one of the leaders in applying identity testing to ancestry. Its flagship product is the DNA Fingerprint Plus.
For a blog post on the significance of the new Cherokee data see Enrolled Cherokee Genetics.
Customers wishing to see how their DNA profile potentially matches with all current Native American populations, chiefly Cherokee, can purchase either a Cherokee DNA Upgrade ($50.00) or Native American version of the Premium Upgrade ($199.00). Existing customers receive a 10% discount.
S. Kanthaswamy et al, “Native American Population Data Based on the Globalfiler Autosomal STR loci,” Forensic Science International: Genetics 24 (2016):e12-e13.