Southeast African ǀ African


The Mozambique population data represent DNA samples from 110 unrelated individuals from the officially named Republic of Mozambique (U.S. Relations With Mozambique and Mozambique). For more details on the Mozambecan population, see Mozambique;

Oxfam Education;

Demographics of Mozambique, and Mozambique.

The Mozambican population data represent DNA samples from 92 individuals in southeast Africa from the Republic of Mozambique. Samples were obtained by Portugal’s Institute of Legal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine of Coimbra, and by Spain’s Institute of Legal Medicine of Santiago de Compostela.

From U.S. Relations With Mozambique:

“Mozambique’s major ethnic groups encompass numerous subgroups with diverse languages, dialects, cultures and histories. Many are linked to similar ethnic groups living in neighboring countries. The north-central provinces of Zambezia and Nampula are the most populous, with about 45 percent of the population. The estimated 4 million Makhuwa are the dominant group in the northern part of the country. The Sena and Ndau are prominent in the Zambezi valley, and the Tsonga and Shangaan dominate in southern Mozambique. Despite the influence of Islamic coastal traders and European colonizers, the people of Mozambique have largely retained an indigenous culture based on small-scale agriculture. Mozambique’s most highly developed art forms are wood sculpture –for which the Makonde in northern Mozambique are particularly renowned– and dance.”

For more details on Mozambique and its population, see:

Portugues Africans;;;;;;;;

Following is a list of the people groups in Mozambique, and links to further details. A map of ethnic groups is at

Chopi (Lengue)

Koti (Angoche, Angoxe, Ekoti)

Kunda (Chicunda, Chikunda, Cikunda, Seba)

Lolo (Elolo, Ilolo)

Lomwe (Acilowe, Alomwe, Chilowe, Cilowe, Elomwe, Ilomwe, Ingulu, Lomue, Mihavani,

               Mihawani,  Ngulu, Nguru, Walomwe)

Makhuwa (Makhuwana,  Makua, Makuana)

Makonde (Matambwe, Wamakonde, Wamatambwe)

Makwe (Kimakwe, Macue, Palma)

Mwani (Ibo, Muwame, Quimuane)

Ndau, Shona (Changam, Chindau, Chishanga, Ndzawu, Njao, Sanga, Senji, Shona, Sofala, Tonga, Xanga)

Ngoni (Angoni, Gomani, Magwangara, Mombera, Mpezeni, Sutu)

Nsenga (Chisenga, Senga)

Shona (Karanga, Korekore, Manyika, Zezuru)

Swahili (Bantu, Baraawe, Barwaani, Coastal Swahili, Mrima, Shirazi, Siddi, Swahili Shamba, Urban, Zanzibari)

Tsonga (Shangaan, Thonga)

Tswa (Hlengwe, Kitshwa, Sheetswa, Shitswa, Tshwa, Xitshwa)

Yao, Ajao (Aiawa, Ayao, Chiyao, Wajao, Wayao)

Zulu (Isizulu, Zunda)

Source publications:  Contribution for an African autosomic STR database (AmpFlSTR Identifiler and Powerplex 16 System) and a report of genotypic variations, FSI, 2004,139,p201-205. Comparative analysis of STR data for Portuguese spoken countries, Progress in Forensic Genetics 8, 2000, p212-214. STR Data (AmpFlSTR Profiler Plus and GenePrint CTTv) From Mozambique, FSI, 2001, p131-133.

[Population 112, 175, 266]