India – Kurumans

India – Kurumans

Southern Indian ǀ South Asian

Shiva holding Trishula and Damaru; Patron of Yoga, Meditation and Arts

Shiva holding Trishula and Damaru; Patron of Yoga, Meditation and Arts

Kurumbas (or) Kurumbar (Tamil: Kurumban, Kurumbar) (Malayalam: Kuruman) (Kannada: Kuruba, Kurubaru) are a designated Scheduled Tribe in the Indian states of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. The Kurumbar are one of the earliest known inhabitants of the Western Ghats, who are engaged in the collection and gathering of forest produce, mainly wild honey and wax. The members of this community are short, have dark skin, and have protruding foreheads. They speak a Dravidian language that is called Southern Kannada.

Kurumbar practice Hinduism. The main deity of the tribe is Lord Shiva under the name of Bhairava. They also worship animals, birds, trees, rock hillocks, and snakes, along with the other Hindu deities. Historically, the Kurumba have been best known for their acts of sorcery. As a result, they were feared, and other tribes frequently banded together against them. Today, the Kurumba continue to practice sorcery, but the neighboring tribesmen no longer live in personal fear.

India – Kurumans represents 67 unrelated individuals following protocols approved by the International Ethics Committee. DNA was quantitated using the Quantifier Human DNA Quantification Kit.

Photo: Shiva holding Trishula and Damaru; Patron of Yoga, Meditation and Arts

Source publication: Forensic Science International, 2011, pp 259-261

[Population 503]