Jewish History and Genetics

Adler, Michael (1939). Jews of Medieval England. London:  The Jewish Historical Society of England.

Barnavi, Eli, gen. ed. (1992). A Historical Atlas of the Jewish People from the Time of the Patriarchs to the Present. New York: Schocken Books.

Behar, Doron M. et al (2003). “Multiple Origins of Ashkenazi Levites:  Y Chromosome Evidence for Both Near Eastern and European Ancestries,” American Journal of Human Genetics 73/4:768-79.

Behar, Doron M. et al. (2004). “Contrasting Patterns of Y Chromosome Variation in Ashkenazi Jewish and Host Non-Jewish European Populations.” Human Genetics 114:354-65.

Benbassa, Esther (1999). The Jews of France. Princeton, N.J.:  Princeton University Press.

Benbassa, Esther and Aron Rodrique (1995). Sephardi Jewry. Berkeley:  University of California Press.

Bodian, Miriam (1997). Hebrews of the Portuguese Nation. Conversos and Community in Early Modern Amsterdam. Bloomington:  Indiana University Press.

Carvajal-Carmona, Luis G. et al (2000). Strong Amerind/White Sex Bias and a Possible Sephardic Contribution among the Founders of a Population in Northwest Colombia. American Journal of Human Genetics 67:1287-1295.

Cesarini, David (2004). Port Jews. Jewish Communities in Cosmopolitan Maritime Trading Centres, 1550-1950. London:  Frank Cass.

Daitch-Mokotoff Soundex System. Available online at

French Sephardim (n.d.). “Sephardic and Jewish Surname List,” available online at:

Gonsalez, A.M. et al. (2007). Mitochondrial lineage M1 traces an early human backflow to Africa. BMC Genomics 9/8:223. U6 in northwest Africa and offshore is probably better associated with Jewish than Arab expansion.

Hammer, M.F. et al. (2000) Jewish and Middle Eastern non-Jewish populations share a common pool of Y-chromosome biallelic haplotypes PNAS 97/12:6769-74.

Hernandez, Frances (1993). “The Secret Jews of the Southwest,” in Martin A. Cohen and Abraham J. Peck, Sephardim in the Americas. London and Tuscaloosa, Ala.:  American Jewish Archives and University of Alabama Press.

Hyamson, A. M. (1908). History of the Jews in England. London:

Jacobs, Joseph (1901-1906). “Personal Names,” in The Jewish Encyclopedia. A Descriptive Record of the History, Religion, Literature, and Customs of the Jewish People from the Earliest Times to the Present Day, pub. By Isidore Singer and ed. by Cyrus Adler. Orig. published in London. Reprint by KTAV Publishing House, 1980. Available online at

Jewish Population Genetic Data in 20 Polymorphic Loci, FSI, 2002, p52-58.

Katz, David S. (1996). The Jews in the History of England. Oxford:  Clarendon Press.

Kleiman, Rabbi Yaakov (2001), “The Cohanim/DNA Connection,” Aish HaTorah ( Society Today, available online at

Lavender, Abraham D. (2003), “DNA and the Sephardic Diaspora:  Spanish and Portuguese Jews in Europe,” HaLAPID 10/1:1-7.

“Lista de Apellidos Judios segun noto de Pere Bonnin [Sangre Judia],” available online at:

Marcus, Jacob Rader (1973). Early American Jewry. Vol. I:  The Jews of New York, New England and Canada 1649-1794. Vol. 2: The Jews of Pennsylvania and the South 1655-1790. New York:  KTAV Publishing House.

Nebel , Almut et al. (2003). Y chromosome evidence for a founder effect in Ashkenazi Jews. Eur J Hum Genet. 13/3:388-91.

Netanyahu, B. (1999). The Marranos of Spain from the Late 14th to the Early 16th Century, According to Contemporary Hebrew Sources. Third Edition, Updated and Expanded (Ithaca, N.Y. and London:  Cornell University Press.

Portuguese Translation (n.d.). “Portuguese Translation of Names from Sephardim List,” e-mail discussion group postings, available from

Rite, U., E. Neufeld, M. Broit, D. Shavit, and U. Motra (1993). “The Differences Among Jewish Communities – Maternal and Paternal Contributions” Journal of Molecular Evolution 37:435-      /.

Roth, Cecil (1937). The Spanish Inquisition. New York:  W. W. Norton and Company.

Rubinstein, W. D. (1996). A History of the Jews in the English-speaking World:  Great Britain. London:  Macmillan.

Santos, Richard G. (2000). Silent Heritage. The Sephardim and the Colonization of the Spanish North American Frontier. San Antonio, Texas:  New Sepharad Press.

“Sangre Judia” (“Jewish Blood”) by Pere Bonnin. A list of 3,500 names used by Jews, or assigned to Jews by the Holy Office (la Santo Oficio) of Spain. List is a result of a census of Jewish communities of Spain by the Catholic Church and as found in inquisition records. “Namelist,” search available online at

————————. “Sephardic Names Translated into English from Arabic (A), Aramaic (AR)….” Available online at

Skorecki K, Selig S, Blazer S, Bradman R, Bradman N, Waburton PJ, Ismajlowicz M, Hammer MF (Jan. 1997).“Y chromosomes of Jewish priests.” Nature 2;385(6611):32.

Stern, Malcolm H. (1991). First American Jewish Families, Third Edition. Baltimore, Md.:  Ottenheimer Publishers.

Thomas, M.G. et al (2002). “Founding Mothers of Jewish Communities:  Geographically Separated Jewish Groups Were Independently Founded by Very Few Female Ancestors.” Am J. Hum. Genet. 70:1411-1420.

Thomas, M.G. et al. (2000) Y Chromosomes Traveling South: The Cohen Modal Haplotype and the Origins of the Lemba the “Black Jews of Southern Africa” Am. J. Hum. Genet., 66:674-686.

Thomas, M.G. et al (July 1998). “Origins of Old Testament priests.” Nature 9;394(6689):138-40.

Tovey, D’Blossiers (1738/1967). Anglia Judaica, or the History and Antiquities of the Jews in England. Oxford:  At the Theatre; repr. New York:  Burt Franklin, 1967.

Wall, Moses (1987). Menasseh ben Israel, The Hope of Israel. The English Translation by Moses Wall, 1652. Edited with an introduction and notes by Henry Méchoulan and Gérard Nahon. Oxford:  Oxford University Press.

Weiss, Walter M. (2000). Islam:  An Illustrated Historical Overview. Hauppauge, N.Y.:  Barnes.