Basque ǀ Iberian
Basques are some of the oldest Europeans and live today in a region that is located around the western end of the Pyrenees on the coast of the Bay of Biscay and straddles parts of north-central Spain and south-western France. Since the Basque language is unrelated to Indo-European, it has long been thought to represent the people or culture that occupied Europe before the spread of Indo-European languages there. A comprehensive analysis of Basque genetic patterns has shown that Basque genetic uniqueness predates the arrival of agriculture in the Iberian Peninsula, about 7,000 years ago
The Iberian Peninsula – Basque population data represent DNA samples from 50 individuals born in the Kingdom of Spain’s Gipuzkoa province (Gipuzkoa), and who had four Basque grandparents (Basques) also born in this area – the western region of the Pyrenees Mountains known as Basque Country. Samples were obtained by the Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, in the Dept. of Molecular Biology and Evolution, at Spain’s Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona/Catalonia. These data were later augmented to 248 samples.
Source publication: Allele Frequencies of 13 Short Tandem Repeats in Population Samples From the Iberian Peninsula and Northern Africa, Perez-Lezaun et al., IJLM, 2000, 113, p208-214. The codis system in the Basque Country resident population studied with multiplex systems, Progress in Forensic Genetics 9, 2003, p193-196.
[Population 74, 208]