Andean ǀ Iberian American
Colombians make up a very diversified country bordering both the Caribbean and Pacific in South America. Many originated as Sephardic Jews or Moors emigrating from Spain in the early colonial period. However, most today identify as Roman Catholic. Colombian- South Andean Occidental are people from the Cordillero Occidental range of the Andes Mountains, which is the lowest and least-populated of the three main ranges of the Andes.
According to the The World Factbook, the majority of the population (58%) is Mestizo, or of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry. Approximately 20% of the population is of European ancestry (predominantly Spanish, partly Italian, Portuguese, and German). The CIA World Factbook also states that 14% of Colombia’s total population is of mixed African and European ancestry, with 3% being of mixed African and Amerindian ancestry, and 4% having primarily African ancestry. Indigenous Amerindians comprise only 1% of the population.
Colombian – South Andean Occidental represents 125 unrelated individuals, of which 80% who were born in the South Andes & Occidental region of Colombia and 63% of which have parents born in the region, who were sampled in 2003 by Universidade de Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, Spain.
Source publication: Analysis of the CODIS autosomal STR loci in four main Colombian, FSI, 2003, 137, p67-73 (erratum FSI, 2004, 143, p73-74).