Colombian – Antioquia ǀ Colombian ǀ South American
The Department of Antioquia (Spanish pronunciation: [anˈtjokja]) is one of the 32 departments of Colombia, located in the central northwestern part of Colombia with a narrow section that borders the Caribbean Sea. Most of its territory is mountainous with some valleys, much of which is part of the Andes mountain range. Prior to the Colombian Constitution of 1886, Antioquia State had its own sovereign government. Medellín is Antioquia’s capital city, and the second-largest city in the country.
The Quimbaya, Carib and Muisca tribes were the most prominent groupings that were found by the conquistadors upon their arrival in Antioquia. The Quimbayas had little to do with the evolution of the department, because Jorge Robledo, the main conquistador of Antioquia, quickly subjected the few Quimbaya that he found, and the rest disappeared. The history was centered then in the turbulent relationships of the Spaniards with the Caribs. Despite the number of Caribs and their well-known warring culture, they would end up dominated or exterminated by the Spaniards in the process of conquest and colonization.
The use of Basque language (Euskera) terminology in the present territory of Colombia goes back to the early exploration in 1499, during the third voyage of Columbus. It is said that from that time the territory experienced a strong presence of Basques. Thereafter, the Basques began to come regularly and are distributed throughout the region. Due to this presence, the Colombian department of Antioquia has been considered a major route of the Basque-Navarre emigration, mainly during the colonial era, when hundreds of Basques migrated to be linked to the Spanish colonization companies
The population of Antioquia is 6,613,118 (2017 estimate), of which more than half live in the metropolitan area of Medellín. The racial composition is: White / Mestizo (88.6%); Black or Afro-Colombian (10.9%); Indigenous or Amerindian (0.5%)
The local inhabitants of Antioquia are known as antioqueños. Of the five main regional groups in Colombia, the predominant group in Antioquia are known as paisa, referring to those living in the Paisa Region, which covers most of Antioquia, as well as the departments of Caldas, Risaralda and Quindío.
Colombian – Antioquia represents 400 unrelated donors living in Antioquia who were sampled in 2003 by two Universities in Columbia and one in Spain.
Source publication: Nineteen autosomal microsatellite data from Antioquia (Columbia), FSI, 2004, 143, p69-71.