South American Indian ǀ American Indian
Colombians make up a very diversified country bordering both the Caribbean and Pacific in South America. Many originated as Sephardic Jews or Moors emigrating from Spain in the early colonial period. However, most today identify as Roman Catholic.
According to the The World Factbook, the majority of the population (58%) is Mestizo, or of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry. They constitute the largest ethnic group in the country with a share of between 49% and 58% of the whole country. Mestizo Colombians technically refers to Colombians who are of mixed white (mostly Spanish) and American-Indian ancestry. However, due to the fluidity of ethnic categorization common in Latin America, for all practical purposes, it refers to non-white Colombians who do not belong to one of the recognized minority groups in Colombia (Afro-Colombians, Indigenous Colombians, and Romani). As such, this category may include people who are fully of American-Indian descent, as well as those who are mixed with other races. The various racial groups exist in differing concentrations throughout the nation, in a pattern that to some extent goes back to colonial origins. However, they can be found throughout the country, mainly in the Caribbean coast, Orinoquia region, Andean region, and intermediate cities.
Colombian – Andean, Amazonian, & Orinoquian represents 846 unrelated individuals, of which 80% who were born in the Andes, Amazonian, & Orinoquian region of Colombia and 63% of which have parents born in the region, who were sampled in 2003 by Universidade de Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, Spain.
Source publication: Analysis of the CODIS autosomal STR loci in four main Colombian, FSI, 2003, 137, p67-73 (erratum FSI, 2004, 143, p73-74).