Central Chinese ǀ East Asian
Han describes the vast majority of all Chinese, including those living in Shaanxi, a province in the heartland of China on the Yellow River. Shaanxi is considered one of the cradles of Chinese civilization. Thirteen feudal dynasties established their capitals in the province during a span of more than 1,100 years, from the Zhou Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty. The province’s principal city and current capital, Xi’an, is one the oldest cities in China, as well as being one of the four great ancient capitals of China and the eastern terminus of the Silk Road, which leads to Europe, the Arabian Peninsula and Africa.
Chinese Han represents 203 unrelated individuals living in different regions of Shaanxi province with known ancestors until at least the third generation who were sampled in 2003 by Xi’an Jiaotong University in China.
Source publication: Genetic polymorphisms of 15 STR loci in Han population from Shaanxi (NW China), FSI, 2005, 147, p89-91.