Argentinian ǀ South American
Argentinians (or Argentines) are a diverse nation of people inclusive not only of Italian and Spanish descendants but also Welsh, Irish, Jewish and other ethnicities.
There are three data sets that have been incorporated into DNA Consultants’ method.
1.) The Argentine – Buenos Aires population data represent DNA samples from 101 South American individuals living in Buenos Aires, the capital of the officially titled Argentine Republic (Buenos Aires – Argentina; Argentina – Buenos Aires) Samples were obtained by:
a) the DNA Section of the Chemical Laboratory Division in the Argentina Federal Police;
b) the Biochemical Nuclear Division of the Argentine government agency CNEA-CONICET [CNEA = Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (National Commission of Atomic Energy); CONICET = Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas (National Scientific & Technical Research Council)];
c) the Forensic Science division of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Academy; and
d) the Lab of Genetic Identification, Legal Medicine Dept., at the University of Granada in Spain.
2) The Argentine – Buenos Aires population data represent DNA samples from 143 unrelated individuals living in Capital Federal and in Buenos Aires metropolitan area.
3) The Argentine – Buenos Aires population data represent DNA samples from 516 unrelated individuals living in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
From U.S. Relations With Argentina:
“Argentines are a mix of diverse national and ethnic groups, with descendants of Italian and Spanish immigrants predominant. Waves of immigrants from many European countries arrived in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Syrian, Lebanese, and other Middle Eastern immigrants number about 500,000 to 600,000, mainly in urban areas. Argentina’s population is overwhelmingly Catholic, but it also has the largest Jewish population in Latin America, estimated at approximately 250,000. In recent years, there has been a substantial influx of immigrants from neighboring countries, particularly Paraguay, Bolivia, and Peru. The indigenous population, estimated at 700,000, is concentrated in the provinces of the north, northwest, and south. Eighty percent of the population resides in cities or towns of more than 2,000, and over one-third lives in the greater Buenos Aires area.”
Photo: A 22-year-old Ernesto Guevara in 1951 while in Argentina. Museo Che Guevara.
The Argentine – Buenos Aires population data (population 87): STR Data for the PowerPlex 16 Loci in Buenos Aires Population (Argentina), JFS, 2002, p 418-420 .
The Argentine – Buenos Aires population data (population 214): STR Data for the PowerPlex from Buenos Aires population, Argentina, FSI, 2003, p 222-224.
The Argentine – Buenos Aires population data (population 304): Population genetic analysis of 15 autosomal STRs loci in the central region of Argentina, FSI, 2006, p 72-77.
[Population 87, 214, 304]