World Reference Databases
Y Chromosome Databases (used with male tests)
- Y-STR Haplotype Reference Database (Berlin): http://www.yhrd.org/index.html. Anonymous entries.
- Ysearch: http://www.ysearch.org. Named entries, not all contactable.
- Relative Genetics: http://www.relativegenetics.com. Searchable by surname only.
- DNA Heritage's Ybase, Genealogy by the Numbers: http://www.ybase.org/default.asp. Easiest to use but not most complete. Named entries.
- Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation: http://www.smgf.org. Some confusing nomenclature issues compared to lab standards elsewhere. Be sure to check differences.
- African Ancestry: http://www.africanancestry.com/ Requires purchase and membership.
Mitochondrial Databases (used with female tests)
- Concordance of Nucleotide Substitutions in the Human mtDNA Control Region (Cambridge Database): http://www.bioanth.cam.ac.uk/mtDNA/toc.html. **Although said to be outdated, still easier to use and more informative than the FBI database (below).
- Mitosearch. A free public service from Family Tree DNA: http://www.mitosearch.org
- MITOMAP. A human mitochondrial genome database: http://www.mitomap.org Good for linkage disequilibrium. No individual entries, just studies.
- Kerchner's Mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) Test Results Log (BLOG): http://www.kerchner.com/cgi-kerchner/mtdna.cgi. Not really a database, rather a bulletin board. Hard to use.
- The mtDNA Population Database: An Integrated Software and Database Resource for Forensic Comparison (FBI): http://www.fbi.gov/hq/lab/fsc/backissu/april2002/miller1.htm. Must be downloaded and installed. Confusing defaults and set-up controls. Anonymous entries.
Other (used with DNA Fingerprint Test)
atDNA 4.0. Population Matching Macro-Enhanced Spreadsheet. 401 populations with matching incidences of high frequencies for CODIS markers.