If you want to discover your genetic history and where you came from... you’ve found the right place!


review of scientific and news articles on dna testing and popular genetics

Rare Genes from Ancient DNA

Wednesday, October 17, 2012
Check Out DNA Fingerprint Plus $300 

Authentic sequences from the ancient human past are a rarity in the world of DNA testing. But when a team of archeologists put the mummies of King Tut and his immediate family on the operating table in 2010, they were successful in deriving almost complete DNA profiles for the boy king and others in the Amarna dynasty that ruled Egypt more than three thousand years ago. Now three of the DNA signatures of Egyptian pharoahs from that famous forensic study by Zahi Hawass and the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Cairo--plus others newly discovered--are available as part of a commercial direct-to-the-consumer autosomal DNA testing panel.

In October 2012, DNA Consultants launched its Rare Genes from History Report. Based on a customer's DNA fingerprint or autosomal profile, the additional analysis sells for $289. It compares your laboratory results with 26 rare alleles or ancestry markers whose trail has been traced through world history and evolving population changes by the company's statisticians. 

Take the Thuya Gene, for instance. Like most of the other Rare Genes from History, it has an African origin in deep time. But it experienced its greatest expansion in ancient Egypt, where it was carried by the queens of Upper and Lower Egypt and High Priestesses of the temples. It was reported in the profile of Queen Thuya's mummy, and we can see that she passed it to her children, grandchildren and descendants. King Tut was a great-grandson and has it, according to the new forensic evidence.

Today, as many as one-fourth of all people on earth would test positive for the Thuya Gene. It is twice as common in Somalia as outside Africa and is found in 40% of Muslim Egyptians.

That's not so rare after all, but unsurprising. Egyptian civilization lasted for three thousand years and sowed the seed of its peoples and ideas throughout the world. We can imagine that Autosomal Thuya started out in East Africa about 100,000 years ago, and that her descendants were prominent in the first out-of-Africa group as well as in the Middle Easterners who helped spread agriculture, animal husbandry, religion and settled town life to Europe. 

The spirit of Thuya lives on in 27% of Jews who have been tested in academic studies. Extrapolating to world population figures, that's nearly 400,000 people, about evenly divided between the United States and Israel.

See also "Prelaunch of New Autosomal Products" (August 26, 2012)
"Rare Genes from History" (webpage)
"Rare Genes from History Panel Now Available for $289.00"

The classic DNA study by the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Cairo, Egypt is: Hawass Z, Gad YZ, Ismail S, et al. Ancestry and Pathology in King Tutankhamun's Family. JAMA. 2010;303(7):638-647. The feat by scientists has also been featured on Discovery Channel


Please tell us what you think

Name, website, and email are optional; if we publish your comment, your name will be shown, and may be linked to your website if provided, but the email you enter will not be published.

Captcha Image

Recent Posts


Monya Baker haplogroup D mitochondrial DNA Constantine Rafinesque Family Tree DNA art history origins of art Cherokee DNA Project forensics Plato myths population isolates haplogroup E Sea Peoples Arizona cannibalism PNAS Melungeon Union Hawaii Nature Genetics phenotype metis Hispanic ancestry Penny Ferguson cancer Science magazine Y chromosomal haplogroups Micmac Indians microsatellites Kurgan Culture Oxford Journal of Evolution B'nai Abraham Lebanon news Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute Mark Thomas Donald N. Yates Wendell Paulson powwows Jews and Muslims in British Colonial America Ziesmer, Zizmor Current Anthropology Barnard College genetics Discover magazine DNA magazine Early Jews of England and Wales Egyptians methylation Black Dutch corn Irish history Greeks Barack Obama Oxford Nanopore Sonora haplogroup B Douglas C. Wallace Great Goddess Jack Goins Amy Harmon crypto-Jews Caucasian Early Jews and Muslims of England and Wales (book) Louis XVI Nova Scotia Secret History of the Cherokee Indians Valparaiso University Smithsonian Magazine Acadians Bering Land Bridge occipital bun Britain genealogy genetic memory Mohawk INORA Gypsies Eske Willerslev consanguinity Virginia genealogy Denisovans Mother Qualla alleles India Sasquatch prehistory anthropology Rebecca L. Cann Sarmatians National Geographic Daily News genomics labs Jalisco Ancient Giantns Who Ruled America Rutgers University haplogroup M Ashkenazi Jews Kari Carpenter Normans Population genetics Gila River Johnny Depp Clovis Rare Genes research Israel, Shlomo Sand DNA Fingerprint Test mental foramen Native American DNA Test Stephen Oppenheimer Michael Grant Nayarit Melungeons haplogroup W Jewish GenWeb Shlomo Sand Cismaru Horatio Cushman King Arthur, Tintagel, The Earliest Jews and Muslims of England and Wales medicine seafaring Henry VII Elizabeth C. Hirschman haplogroup X Juanita Sims Algonquian Indians Gustavo Ramirez Calderon Robinson Crusoe andrew solomon Daily News and Analysis IntegenX Germany ethnic markers Bryan Sykes Keros Brian Wilkes American history Bentley surname research Marija Gimbutas pheromones mummies Elzina Grimwood Douglas Owsley Silverbell Artifacts Paleolithic Age Salt River Scientific American haplogroup R Anasazi Chris Tyler-Smith statistics Pomponia Graecina Cree Indians China Etruscans DNA Fingerprint Test Wendy Roth Tintagel John Butler Cherokee Freedmen haplogroup C ancient DNA Ukraine Life Technologies Anne Marie Fine Wikipedia Riane Eisler Peter Parham Indo-Europeans Old Souls in a New World Teresa Panther-Yates National Museum of Natural History Sam Kean Tucson crosses Cave art Jan Ravenspirit Franz Stan Steiner Comanche Indians Pueblo Indians prehistoric art surnames Tom Martin Scroft Tutankamun pipe carving Zionism Roma People French DNA DNA testing companies Sir Joshua Reynolds ISOGG clan symbols BBCNews haplogroup L Carl Zimmer NPR Odessa Shields Cox GlobalFiler Henriette Mertz Columbia University University of Leicester Henry IV Terry Gross Society for Crypto-Judaic Studies Indian Territory DNA Forums Cismar Patagonia Israel haplogroup U North African DNA Italy Sinaloa Sorbs haplogroup Z rapid DNA testing Asiatic Echoes haplogroup T Gravettian culture education Timothy Bestor Alia Garcia-Ureste familial Mediterranean fever FDA polydactylism Genex Diagnostics clinical chemistry Scotland New Mexico health and medicine Charles Darwin Native American DNA breast cancer Ron Janke CODIS markers Colin Renfrew Kari Schroeder Bode Technology North Carolina Nephilim, Fritz Zimmerman university of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Victor Hugo Les Miserables Anne C. Stone Anacostia Indians Panther's Lodge Publishers aliyah New York Academy of Sciences human leukocyte antigens Zizmer Muslims in American history DNA Diagnostics Center Bradshaw Foundation autosomal DNA Phoenicians James Shoemaker Myra Nichols George van der Merwede Black Irish Nadia Abu El-Haj mutation rate Basques Bulgaria Charlotte Harris Reese Slovakia human migrations Stony Creek Baptist Church Solutreans Khazars Ancestry.com Joel E. Harris Elvis Presley DNA Abraham Lincoln Discovery Channel Cleopatra Ananya Mandal James Stritzel Richard Buckley Arabic Cajuns Abenaki Indians peopling of the Americas evolution gedmatch history of science archeology Jewish novelists Hohokam Indians El Paso EURO DNA Fingerprint Test Finnish people Promega immunology Erika Chek Hayden Holocaust Database Austronesian, Filipinos, Australoid Central Band of Cherokee Telltown Mexico European DNA Lithuania Maya Choctaw Indians William Byrd Chromosomal Labs Bode Technology Kennewick Man MHC Taino Indians Khoisan Hadassah Magazine Ripan Malhi Philippa Langley Alec Jeffreys Nature Communications Stone Age Turkic DNA Douglas Preston Mucogee Creeks ethnicity The Nation magazine DNA security Patrick Pynes Phillipe Charlier Echota Cherokee Tribe of Alabama Walter Plecker Tifaneg Jewish contribution to world literature Bureau of Indian Affairs M. J. Harper Maui DNA databases American Journal of Human Genetics ENFSI Texas A&M University Cornwall far from the tree Richard III Eric Wayner haplogroup H single nucleotide polymorphism private allele human leukocyte testing giants Richmond California Lab Corp Michoacan Waynesboro Pennsylvania Celts horizontal inheritance Navajo Mary Settegast Leicester The Calalus Texts Genome Sciences Building Stephen A. Leon FBI London Bryony Jones Hohokam Magdalenian culture Luca Pagani HapMap Alabama Jewish genetics oncology Irish Central Pueblo Grande Museum Cherokee DNA Maronites National Health Laboratories Grim Sleeper Washington D.C. Antonio Torroni Genie Milgrom Janet Lewis Crain Neolithic Revolution Akhenaten hominids Bill Tiffee Melba Ketchum linguistics bar mitzvah Pima Indians Harold Sterling Gladwin Belgium Olmec Kentucky Albert Einstein College of Medicine Iran Navajo Indians Peter Martyr ged.com Cohen Modal Haplotype Tucson Jon Entine Joseph Jacobs Phyllis Starnes Freemont Indians New York Review of Books palatal tori Chris Stringer Virginia DeMarce Miguel Gonzalez Yates surname Smithsonian Institution Austro-Hungary Rush Limbaugh Russell Belk Mary Kugler Applied Epistemology religion Russia Theodore Steinberg Majorca Arizona State University Beringia Bigfoot Kate Wong John Wilwol Havasupai Indians rock art Richard Dewhurst Epigraphic Society X chromosome Stacy Schiff Helladic art Colin Pitchfork ethics First Peoples haplogroup N Ethel Cox Asiatic Fathers of America Panther's Lodge New York Times Mark Stoneking Dragging Canoe Michael Schwartz Asian DNA Roberta Estes Central Band of Cherokees Fritz Zimmerman Thruston Tablet Melungeon Movement genetic determinism haplogroup J family history Melungeon Heritage Association Altai Turks When Scotland Was Jewish Europe George Starr-Bresette Cancer Genome Atlas Jesse Montes Y chromosome DNA AP Ostenaco Hertfordshire Richard Lewontin BATWING Middle Eastern DNA Sizemore surname epigenetics Harry Ostrer Melanesians Neanderthals Dienekes Anthropology Blog Chauvet cave paintings Ireland Ari Plost Anglo-Saxons Satoshi Horai haplogroup G Svante Paabo Holocaust African DNA bloviators Joseph Andrew Park Wilson Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Marie Cheng climate change French Canadians John Ruskamp King Arthur Old World Roots of the Cherokee Jews Jim Bentley Rafael Falk Daniel Defoe Moundbuilders megapopulations FOX News Arabia hoaxes Monica Sanowar Patrick Henry David Cornish Tennessee Rich Crankshaw Nancy Gentry Zuni Indians Gregory Mendel El Castillo cave paintings Elizabeth DeLand Phoenix personal genomics Science Daily, Genome Biol. Evol., Eran Elhaik, Khazarian Hypothesis, Rhineland Hypothesis race Charles Perou Chuetas District of Columbia Cooper surname England Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma Gunnar Thompson Kitty Prince of the Bear River Athabaskans Thuya N. Brent Kennedy Romania Mildred Gentry Nikola Tesla Middle Ages b'nei anousim 23andme Hopi Indians Puerto Rico admixture Irish DNA Sizemore Indians Wales population genetics Colima Isabel Allende Sinti