If you want to discover your genetic history and where you came from... you’ve found the right place!


review of scientific and news articles on dna testing and popular genetics

Rare Genes from Ancient DNA

Wednesday, October 17, 2012
Check Out DNA Fingerprint Plus $300 

Authentic sequences from the ancient human past are a rarity in the world of DNA testing. But when a team of archeologists put the mummies of King Tut and his immediate family on the operating table in 2010, they were successful in deriving almost complete DNA profiles for the boy king and others in the Amarna dynasty that ruled Egypt more than three thousand years ago. Now three of the DNA signatures of Egyptian pharoahs from that famous forensic study by Zahi Hawass and the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Cairo--plus others newly discovered--are available as part of a commercial direct-to-the-consumer autosomal DNA testing panel.

In October 2012, DNA Consultants launched its Rare Genes from History Report. Based on a customer's DNA fingerprint or autosomal profile, the additional analysis sells for $289. It compares your laboratory results with 26 rare alleles or ancestry markers whose trail has been traced through world history and evolving population changes by the company's statisticians. 

Take the Thuya Gene, for instance. Like most of the other Rare Genes from History, it has an African origin in deep time. But it experienced its greatest expansion in ancient Egypt, where it was carried by the queens of Upper and Lower Egypt and High Priestesses of the temples. It was reported in the profile of Queen Thuya's mummy, and we can see that she passed it to her children, grandchildren and descendants. King Tut was a great-grandson and has it, according to the new forensic evidence.

Today, as many as one-fourth of all people on earth would test positive for the Thuya Gene. It is twice as common in Somalia as outside Africa and is found in 40% of Muslim Egyptians.

That's not so rare after all, but unsurprising. Egyptian civilization lasted for three thousand years and sowed the seed of its peoples and ideas throughout the world. We can imagine that Autosomal Thuya started out in East Africa about 100,000 years ago, and that her descendants were prominent in the first out-of-Africa group as well as in the Middle Easterners who helped spread agriculture, animal husbandry, religion and settled town life to Europe. 

The spirit of Thuya lives on in 27% of Jews who have been tested in academic studies. Extrapolating to world population figures, that's nearly 400,000 people, about evenly divided between the United States and Israel.

See also "Prelaunch of New Autosomal Products" (August 26, 2012)
"Rare Genes from History" (webpage)
"Rare Genes from History Panel Now Available for $289.00"

The classic DNA study by the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Cairo, Egypt is: Hawass Z, Gad YZ, Ismail S, et al. Ancestry and Pathology in King Tutankhamun's Family. JAMA. 2010;303(7):638-647. The feat by scientists has also been featured on Discovery Channel


Please tell us what you think

Name, website, and email are optional; if we publish your comment, your name will be shown, and may be linked to your website if provided, but the email you enter will not be published.

Captcha Image

Recent Posts


Helladic art N. Brent Kennedy Algonquian Indians Scotland El Castillo cave paintings Khoisan Pima Indians Israel Oxford Journal of Evolution linguistics Early Jews of England and Wales Charles Perou NPR Ashkenazi Jews Hopi Indians Rush Limbaugh aliyah Cornwall Gravettian culture ethnic markers Bigfoot Anne Marie Fine anthropology Donald N. Yates Greeks Smithsonian Magazine Tennessee Wikipedia religion Shlomo Sand AP Gila River Cajuns Italy medicine Arizona Egyptians research Phoenix DNA Fingerprint Test EURO DNA Fingerprint Test Richard Lewontin Gunnar Thompson Stacy Schiff Cleopatra Monya Baker Richard Buckley Bode Technology Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute Nephilim, Fritz Zimmerman HapMap human migrations ISOGG Tintagel epigenetics Jon Entine PNAS ancient DNA Bradshaw Foundation William Byrd haplogroup H Janet Lewis Crain Native American DNA Horatio Cushman Miguel Gonzalez Oxford Nanopore haplogroup R consanguinity Panther's Lodge Publishers Bryony Jones Cohen Modal Haplotype population isolates Barack Obama Ari Plost giants Jewish novelists Austronesian, Filipinos, Australoid Holocaust Database Comanche Indians haplogroup J Caucasian Luca Pagani Maya Riane Eisler Irish Central Bureau of Indian Affairs Yates surname origins of art genealogy powwows Waynesboro Pennsylvania Paleolithic Age Marija Gimbutas Elizabeth C. Hirschman Colin Pitchfork population genetics Hertfordshire Sasquatch Kurgan Culture Sorbs Arabia Joseph Jacobs District of Columbia Alec Jeffreys Lab Corp Virginia genealogy Richard III GlobalFiler Bentley surname research B'nai Abraham Phyllis Starnes rock art Clovis Normans Early Jews and Muslims of England and Wales (book) Mary Settegast seafaring surnames Abenaki Indians Timothy Bestor Sinti University of Leicester 23andme Patrick Henry Cherokee DNA King Arthur, Tintagel, The Earliest Jews and Muslims of England and Wales Chromosomal Labs Bode Technology Gypsies hoaxes DNA Fingerprint Test National Health Laboratories Finnish people American Journal of Human Genetics Chris Stringer Phillipe Charlier DNA Forums Nature Genetics The Nation magazine Ron Janke Michael Schwartz Sizemore surname Erika Chek Hayden Acadians Washington D.C. Rare Genes Columbia University Anacostia Indians Harold Goodwin Jack Goins Alabama forensics ethics haplogroup N Mary Kugler Nadia Abu El-Haj Elzina Grimwood Charles Darwin Roberta Estes Rich Crankshaw crypto-Jews Secret History of the Cherokee Indians Wales Marie Cheng education Kentucky Micmac Indians George van der Merwede IntegenX Melungeon Union England Genome Sciences Building mummies Smithsonian Institution climate change Chuetas Jim Bentley Teresa Panther-Yates far from the tree haplogroup X Cancer Genome Atlas Cooper surname Zionism Promega Henry VII Romania Arabic Tifaneg Y chromosome DNA race Middle Ages microsatellites Irish DNA Pomponia Graecina Theodore Steinberg Middle Eastern DNA Akhenaten Neolithic Revolution art history Society for Crypto-Judaic Studies Black Irish George Starr-Bresette John Butler prehistory When Scotland Was Jewish bar mitzvah Peter Martyr Plato haplogroup E China Scientific American Cismar Dienekes Anthropology Blog myths Celts Asian DNA Robinson Crusoe genetics Ananya Mandal Moundbuilders phenotype INORA Fritz Zimmerman corn Henry IV National Geographic Daily News haplogroup U statistics palatal tori Basques Richard Dewhurst Virginia DeMarce clinical chemistry Y chromosomal haplogroups MHC Anglo-Saxons Applied Epistemology occipital bun immunology Ancient Giantns Who Ruled America mutation rate polydactylism Russia M. J. Harper single nucleotide polymorphism Phoenicians Grim Sleeper evolution Amy Harmon Neanderthals genomics labs Mark Thomas admixture Turkic DNA Philippa Langley Melanesians Navajo North African DNA Holocaust Ireland Hohokam Indians history of science Sea Peoples Rafael Falk Stephen Oppenheimer Discover magazine Louis XVI Iran Rutgers University DNA magazine Walter Plecker Lebanon Wendy Roth FDA Sam Kean megapopulations Jews Current Anthropology human leukocyte antigens Telltown Terry Gross Penny Ferguson BATWING Barnard College cancer Melungeon Heritage Association X chromosome Melungeon Movement Jewish contribution to world literature Pueblo Grande Museum rapid DNA testing Havasupai Indians Europe autosomal DNA haplogroup L Zuni Indians Colin Renfrew Elvis Presley DNA Russell Belk Thuya Tutankamun Austro-Hungary Epigraphic Society health and medicine human leukocyte testing Discovery Channel Monica Sanowar Constantine Rafinesque Jone Entine Etruscans New York Academy of Sciences Bering Land Bridge Israel, Shlomo Sand North Carolina Kate Wong Magdalenian culture horizontal inheritance Isabel Allende David Cornish Germany cannibalism Chauvet cave paintings Tom Martin Scroft American history ethnicity DNA databases Bill Tiffee Eric Wayner Anasazi Daniel Defoe Chris Tyler-Smith Kari Carpenter family history Stony Creek Baptist Church First Peoples hominids London Tucson Henriette Mertz familial Mediterranean fever Stone Age clan symbols Science magazine BBCNews Native American DNA Test prehistoric art Salt River Sizemore Indians Majorca Albert Einstein College of Medicine Hohokam French DNA African DNA Sarmatians Denisovans Slovakia mitochondrial DNA Leicester FBI Abraham Lincoln FOX News Zizmer Peter Parham mental foramen Daily News and Analysis Nikola Tesla Life Technologies Les Miserables Nova Scotia Choctaw Indians Population genetics Beringia Britain French Canadians bloviators Gregory Mendel personal genomics Maronites Jewish genetics Khazars Arizona State University Melungeons Jewish GenWeb Johnny Depp King Arthur Altai Turks Belgium Nature Communications Bryan Sykes James Shoemaker archeology news Muslims in American history genetic determinism Ziesmer, Zizmor European DNA Carl Zimmer Harry Ostrer Valparaiso University DNA security Cismaru Freemont Indians Melba Ketchum Keros Victor Hugo Pueblo Indians Svante Paabo Great Goddess Patagonia genetic memory Science Daily, Genome Biol. Evol., Eran Elhaik, Khazarian Hypothesis, Rhineland Hypothesis oncology Black Dutch Roma People CODIS markers Harold Sterling Gladwin India New York Times alleles Indo-Europeans Irish history Jews and Muslims in British Colonial America DNA testing companies pheromones Wendell Paulson haplogroup Z Old Souls in a New World andrew solomon haplogroup T John Wilwol methylation New York Review of Books Michael Grant Cave art Solutreans haplogroup B Panther's Lodge breast cancer university of North Carolina at Chapel Hill